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Choices and properties of floor covering PDF Print E-mail
Written by richart khalil   

As one of the most important parts of an interior, constantly touched the floor present a key sensual element to be treated both physically and visually. It sets the whole tone of the space.

We have a range of three choices for soft floor covering: natural-fibre, carpet or rugs.

Natural-fibre floor coverings:

Natural-fibre coverings are flat-woven in a variety of designs because they are made from the grasses and leaves of plants. They are often backed up with latex to be fitted like carpets. They are considered as environmentally friendly choice because they are derived from natural and renewable sources. They can be kept clean with vacuuming and they are not suitable for bathrooms and kitchens.

Following are some of the several choices of natural-fibre coverings:

  1. Sisal: tough but not too rough, it is made of decorticated leaves of the agave plant. Available in bright colors as well as in its natural state, it is suitable for most locations in the home.
  2. Seagrass: soft texture with hard fibres, that are fairly resistant to spills and water, but is only available in its natural sandy tons.
  3. Jute: soft underfoot it can be woven with cotton to add color making it less hardwearing than other natural-fibres choices.
  4. Abaca: traditionally used for making rope and matting.
  5. Rush: it is made of hand-plaited strips sewn together with no backing. It should be sprayed once a week.
  6. Coir: cheap, very hardwearing, should be kept dry but it is the least comfortable fibre against bare skin.
  7. Paper: made from softwood pulp, added to resin for water resistance making it attractive and durable. 


They are available in different materials, pile weights and constructions. Materials include wool, nylon, polyester and polypropylene. Pile weight refers to the weight of fibre in any given area of carpet.

  1. Woven carpet: the weft and pile are woven into warp at the same time, resulting in a short pile. This usual substructure make the weave tighter, therefore the carpet is more likely to least.
  2. Tufted carpet: the pile is injected into a ready-woven backing. Cheaper for woven carpet and still can be hardwearing.
  3. Shag-pile carpet: it introduces an element of luxury due to an exceptionally long pile.
  4. Non-woven carpet: tending to be cheap, thin and less hardwearing.
  5. Carpet tiles: available in interesting color and design, they are hardwearing ad usually designed for commercial use.


Representing an important investment, rugs should be chosen carefully to correspond to the room layout and design. You may want to hang it on a wall to be enjoyed as a superb piece of craftsmanship.

  1. Flat-weave rugs: smooth, thin, good value for money. They originally are from the Middle East or India.
  2. Pile rugs: they have upstanding tufts of fibre that form a thick, furry surface. They are available in interesting textures, bold patterns or cool minimalist designs in muted shades to be in sympathy with some modern interiors.

As a conclusion, all these types are better fitted if done by a professional. Like that you can assure that it will be adjusted the best way to fit in your environment.

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